Sixty-nine days: The miners' long wait for rescue
"A year ago, faith moved mountains," he wrote on his Twitter account.
"All Chile united, full of hope, to find and rescue our miners".
After the ceremony President Pinera and the miners went to a local museum where the Phoenix II capsule – used to haul the men to safety – was put on display.
Mr Pinera also handed back the now-famous note which first alerted rescuers to the fact that the trapped men were still alive.
Written by the miner Jose Ojeda, it reads "We are all well in the refuge, the 33 of us".
The events were the first of several anniversaries, culminating in a huge celebration on 13 October to mark the start of the final rescue operation.
Millions watched on TV as they emerged one by one from underground through a narrow shaft drilled by the rescue teams.
The dramatic rescue made the miners instant celebrities.
But a year on, most are still struggling with the psychological consequences of their ordeal, and many are still out of work.
The miners are suing the Chilean government and the now-bankrupt mining company for compensation.
The government says mining safety has improved greatly since the accident.
The mining minister, Hernan de Solminihac, told the BBC that improved training and more frequent inspections had halved the number of fatal mining accidents in the first six months of the year, compared to 2010.
"This accident was a lesson for us and we are working very hard since then to improve the safety of our industry," he said.
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